Although historians dispute whether Luther really did nail the theses to the door of the Castle Church, he did send his theses to friends and a few bishops; all of a sudden people knew where Wittenberg was. During the Seven Year's War (1756-1763) the Castle Church, including the theses door, was severely damaged. The current theses door is bronze and all 95 Theses are inscribed onto it.
The 95 Theses were quickly distributed throughout Germany and then made their way to Rome. In 1518, Luther was summoned to Augsburg, a city in southern Germany, to defend his opinions before an imperial diet (assembly). A debate lasting three days between Luther and Cardinal Thomas Cajetan produced no agreement. Cajetan defended the church’s use of indulgences, but Luther refused to recant and returned to Wittenberg.
A clip from the "Luther Movie" showing Luther nailing the 95 thesis.
After reading about his life, the boys LOVED imitating the nailing of the 95 Thesis. It was interesting to observe how each of them approached this project and their varying skill levels in getting this job done. No tears and only a few smarting fingers afterwards. And parental oversight is a must with an activity like this. I discovered that the hard way when I left them to go get lunch started. We ended up scouring the ground for a missing nail for quite a while.
Answer: The “95 Theses” were written in 1517 by a German priest and professor of theology named Martin Luther. His revolutionary ideas served as the catalyst for the eventual breaking away from the Catholic Church and were later instrumental in forming the movement known as the Protestant Reformation. Luther wrote his radical “95 Theses” to express his growing concern with the corruption within the Church. In essence, his Theses called for a full reform of the Catholic Church and challenged other scholars to debate with him on matters of church policy.The purpose of the was to invite local scholars to a disputation on indulgences. He addressed a lot of hierarchy issues within the church.
The following point summary shows the purpose of Martin Luther’s 95 Thesis: