what is the fritz fischer thesis? | Yahoo Answers

In the 1960s, Fritz Fischer initiated the first great Historikerstreit (historians’ dispute) in post-war West Germany. It concerned German responsibility for the First World War, as well as the continuity of German war aims in the First and Second World Wars. The second historians’ dispute arose in 1986, when Ernst Nolte tried to play down the crimes of Nazism and presented them as an understandable reaction to Bolshevism.

fritz fischer thesis - IcyBoards

The image of the Habsburg Monarchy as a relatively fragile anachronism on the international stage long informed the historical literature. Because the First World War seemed to have hastened the inevitable end of the empire, Austria-Hungary's foreign policy after 1914 has remained comparatively underexplored or been subject to misinterpretation. An aggravating circumstance concerned the prevalent German-centric take on events: the Dual Monarchy appeared as an appendage of its more powerful ally, while the Fritz Fischer thesis on German war guilt likewise made Austria-Hungary appear largely irrelevant. In consequence, its war aims have been among the least understood of those of the greater, and even some of the lesser powers. The study under consideration here offers an essential corrective based on exhaustive primary research in the monarchy's foreign and military archives now housed in Vienna, as well as in relevant manuscript collections in Hungary, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Austria-Hungary emerges from its pages as a still-vigorous great power that, …

Fritz Fischer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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