Now, despite the immense complexity of this process, the fundamentalprinciple by which the DNA strands are copied is the complementarybase-pairing of the dNTP's. Many of the enzymes are required to getthe original double-stranded DNA into a state in which it can bereplicated, and can therefore be viewed as part of the process thatcontrols when replication takes place (i.e. automaton C in vonNeumann's architecture). The proofreading aspects of DNA polymerase improve the fidelity of thecopy, but are not fundamental to the replication procedure per se(although these aspects do have important evolutionaryimplications). Of course, some of the enzymatic functions must be properlyviewed as essential to the copying process itself, particularly thoseenzymes which join the individual segments of the new strand togetherto form a single continuous molecule. Therefore, some of the copyingprocess proper is governed by enzymes and therefore ultimately encodedupon the DNA itself, but a major element of the process (complementarybase-pairing) is determined by the inherent bonding affinities of themolecules, and is therefore implicit in the laws of physics andchemistry.
The 1989 film shows in compressed form the overlap of digitized information technology and historical memory loss that would characterize the decade of the 1990s in America, and which continues to mark our moment. It also stages a strange, ritualized endorsement of late 80s capitalism by the most significant figures in history. The film's first implicit thesis is that it is no longer necessary to know or understand history; it is enough to master the tools that allow you to pluck decontextualized facts from the past and mash them up into an entertaining spectacle. This anticipation of digital late capitalism and the culture of forgetting that is linked inextricably to information technology - since Wikipedia and other such sources require us to simply type, not to recall - is the prescient, overlooked contribution of the movie. The film's second implicit thesis is that history is a story of constant progress and capitalism is the pinnacle of this progress, as confirmed by the most significant figures in history who fully embrace the Reagan era and its free enterprise phantasmagoria. If history offers its stamp of approval on the total commodification of life, it must be the right trajectory. However, the film ultimately subverts its own narrative since it both refuses history's authority over the present and future and yet requires approbation from the past in order for the utopia to arrive. Abounding with logical paradoxes such as this, the film forecasts the era of anti-logic and anti-memory that would follow.
AP English Language - Explicit vs Implicit Thesis
In this interesting book, Sidonie Kellerer traces the path onwhich Descartes has been received by the Marburg Neo-Kantians andthe phenomenologists Husserl and Heidegger. Since she discusses thetime when Descartes first became big in Germany, and takes on, withthe Neo-Kantian and phenomenological traditions, the big movementsin nineteenth- and twentieth-century Germany, the book might wellhave been called “Descartes in Germany.” From the start Kellerermakes it clear that the German reception of Descartes was neverentirely a philosophical affair, but always had politicalovertones. This makes the book an original exercise inphilosophical historiography and politically oriented intellectualhistory; the implicit thesis is that the two cannot be separated inassessing the meaning Descartes had for German philosophers. (“fractured modernity”) is anoriginal approach to assessing of the role of Descartes in Germanphilosophy. The book is meticulously researched, and the author iseven-handed in her judgment and in full command of the philosophiesshe discusses.